Posted in Latin IX, Latin VIII

3 days before the kalends of October

Having discussed a few episodes from Cæsar’s life, including his famous siege of Alesia during the Gallic Wars, we now turned our attention to the effects of the Gallic Wars in general.  We looked at the Gallic Wars’ influence …

  • … on Caesar
    • His influence grew through his victories, the growth of his province, and the increase in his wealth (spoils of war and taxes)
    • He became one of the dominant figures of Rome in competition with Pompey the Great, which led to a civil war
  • … on Gaul
    • Gaulish language and culture were lost owing to the process of Romanisation (colōniae)
    • After an initial loss of wealth and a loss of independence, Gaul grew prosperous from increased trade and new infrastructure
    • Clean water (aqueducts) and bathhouses, etc, raised the quality of life
  • … on Rome
    • The empire grew
    • Safety increased from having farther borders, greater access to troops, and a reputation as a world power
    • Access was opened to other parts of the world for conquest and for resources
    • Having looong inland borders eventually contributed to the fall of the empire
  • … and on us
    • Romano-Gallic culture influenced France (language)
    • Roman law (civil law) had a strong influence over European law (and Québec civil law) in later times
    • Roman art, architecture, laws, religion, etc, have had a strong influence on Western culture
    • The French language comes from Latin, despite the fact that they were ruled by Germanic kings in the Dark Ages
Above is a map showing all the provinces that Rome held at one time or another.  Notice the extraordinary size of Gaul (Gallia) in the west.
Above is a map showing all the provinces that Rome held at one time or another.  Notice the extraordinary size of Gaul (Gallia) in the west.


  • Continue your research for your parallel lives (doc. 406)
  • Memorise your vocabulary (docs. 101, 102, and 103), using Quizlet if you’d like

Note that we have a small probātio (quiz) on the vocabulary next Thursday.


The Arval Brethren were one of eldest of the many priestly colleges of the religion of the Ancient Roman state, tending to the cult of dea Dia, a nature-goddess, and of the ancestors so as to ensure a good harvest. During the reign of the emperor Augustus, the college was used as a tool of imperial unity and control. The term ‘arval’ comes from ‘arvum’, which means ‘a ploughed field’, and reflects their agricultural origin.

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