Posted in Latin IX, Latin VIII

Eight days before the kalends of November

To-day we split into groups and practised our verbs by composing Latin sentences for others to translate into English.  Remember to approach all Latin methodically: find the verb, interpret its ending, and then deal with the rest.

We have a probātio (quiz) on Thursday.  It is only concerned with verbs (no other vocabulary).  There are ten questions: six are on endings, and only four on the vocabulary, so learn your endings!  Remember that you can use Quizlet to practise your vocabulary.

If you have not already done so, please complete part B of assignment 503.  If you have completed that, you have no homework.

Posted in Latin VII

Eight days before the kalends of November

Today we added to our vocabulary (104), and we practised our sentences in groups.  Remember that you can review your vocabulary on Quizlet.

pensum: Continue to memorise your colloquy (301).


I taught some of you imperatives (commands), as follows.

Mechanic’s method

Endings:

  • no singular ending
  • plural ending: -te

Examples:

  1. Think! (sg.)
    = stem + vowel + ending
    = put + ā + (no ending)
    = putā.
  2. Answer! (pl.)
    = stem + vowel + ending
    = respond + ē + te
    = respondēte.

Scout’s method

First-conjugation (Ā) endings, for verbs like amāre:

  • singular: amā.
  • plural: amāte.

Second-conjugation (Ē) endings, for verbs like monēre:

  • singular: monē.
  • plural: monēte.

Examples:

  1. Think! (sg.)
    1. putō, putāre is in the first conjugation, like amāre.
    2. Find the stem: putāre → put/āre → put- is the stem.
    3. Find the ending: amā → am/ā → -ā is the ending.
    4. stem + ending
      = put- + -ā
      = putā.
  2. Answer! (pl.)
    1. respondeō, respondēre is in the second conjugation, like monēre.
    2. Find the stem: respondēre → respond/ēre → respond- is the stem.
    3. Find the ending: monēte → mon/ēte → -ēte is the ending.
    4. stem + ending
      = respond- + -ēte
      = respondēte.