Posted in Latin VII

Eight days before the kalends of November

Today we added to our vocabulary (104), and we practised our sentences in groups.  Remember that you can review your vocabulary on Quizlet.

pensum: Continue to memorise your colloquy (301).


I taught some of you imperatives (commands), as follows.

Mechanic’s method

Endings:

  • no singular ending
  • plural ending: -te

Examples:

  1. Think! (sg.)
    = stem + vowel + ending
    = put + ā + (no ending)
    = putā.
  2. Answer! (pl.)
    = stem + vowel + ending
    = respond + ē + te
    = respondēte.

Scout’s method

First-conjugation (Ā) endings, for verbs like amāre:

  • singular: amā.
  • plural: amāte.

Second-conjugation (Ē) endings, for verbs like monēre:

  • singular: monē.
  • plural: monēte.

Examples:

  1. Think! (sg.)
    1. putō, putāre is in the first conjugation, like amāre.
    2. Find the stem: putāre → put/āre → put- is the stem.
    3. Find the ending: amā → am/ā → -ā is the ending.
    4. stem + ending
      = put- + -ā
      = putā.
  2. Answer! (pl.)
    1. respondeō, respondēre is in the second conjugation, like monēre.
    2. Find the stem: respondēre → respond/ēre → respond- is the stem.
    3. Find the ending: monēte → mon/ēte → -ēte is the ending.
    4. stem + ending
      = respond- + -ēte
      = respondēte.

Author:

The Arval Brethren were one of eldest of the many priestly colleges of the religion of the Ancient Roman state, tending to the cult of dea Dia, a nature-goddess, and of the ancestors so as to ensure a good harvest. During the reign of the emperor Augustus, the college was used as a tool of imperial unity and control. The term ‘arval’ comes from ‘arvum’, which means ‘a ploughed field’, and reflects their agricultural origin.

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