Posted in Latin IX, Latin VIII

Fifteen days before the kalends of December

I began the morning by drawing a few key ideas from last lesson to your attention, the most important being the following distinction.

  • The following endings are proper to verbs (action-words) and indicate who is doing the action of the verb.
    • ō = I, as in amō and mon
    • s = you (sg.), as in amās and monēs
    • t = he, she, it, one, as in amat and monet
    • mus = we, as in amāmus and monēmus
    • tis = you (pl.), as in amātis and monētis
    • nt = they, as in amant and monent
  • The following endings are proper to nouns (words which designate people, places, things or ideas) and indicate what the noun’s relationship to the other words in the sentence is.  So far, we have looked at just four endings (two singular and two plural).
    • The nominative case indicates the subject of the verb (who is always the same as the person indicated by the ending of the verb)
      • a / –ae (first-declension nominative singular and plural)
      • us / –ī (second-declension masculine nominative singular and plural)
      • um / –a (second-declension neuter nominative singular and plural)
    • The accusative case indicates the object of the verb (that is, the person or thing that is directly affected by the action of the verb)
      • am / –ās (first-declension accusative singular and plural)
      • um / –ōs (second-declension masculine accusative singular and plural)
      • um / –a (second-declension neuter accusative singular and plural)
A master of the medical art instructing his pupils (from a thirteenth-century English manuscript)
A master of the medical arts instructing his pupils (from a thirteenth-century English manuscript)

We then spent some time in discussion (first in groups and then all together) to come up with the basic parts of a rubric for our artefact project.  I thought the discussion went very well, and I was impressed by how well you all were able to reflect on your previous learning experiences and to combine them with my purpose for assigning the project to come up with a balanced rubric.  Well done!

For the balance of the lesson, we turned our attention to a game of Latin jeopardy, which I (at least) rather enjoyed.  😄

pensum: Begin the work on your artefact: gather supplies, draw up your plans, etc.  Remember to keep a record of your creative process, as discussed in class!

Author:

The Arval Brethren were one of eldest of the many priestly colleges of the religion of the Ancient Roman state, tending to the cult of dea Dia, a nature-goddess, and of the ancestors so as to ensure a good harvest. During the reign of the emperor Augustus, the college was used as a tool of imperial unity and control. The term ‘arval’ comes from ‘arvum’, which means ‘a ploughed field’, and reflects their agricultural origin.

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