Posted in Grex Latinus

Sixteen days before the kalends of February

To-day we practised some simple sentences expressing possession and desire, both with direct objects.  The purpose of this exercise is to build a library of models on which to draw in reading, writing and speaking Latin.

Vocabulary

aqua, aquae, f. water.
ampulla, ampullae, f. a flask, bottle.

cibus, cibī, m. food.
libellus, libellī, m. a notebook.
calamus, calamī, m. a reed, a pen.

habeō, habēre, habuī, habitum, to have.
dēsīderō, dēsīderāre, dēsīderāuī, dēsīderātum, to desire.

-ne, (question-word).
an, or (in questions).

Exemplars

The verbs are underlined, and the direct objects marked in red.

habeō cibumI have food.

habēsne libellumDo you have the notebook?
habeōI have (it).

habēsne libellōsDo you have the notebooks?
nōn habeōI do not have (them).

aquam et cibum habetHe has water and food.

ampullās habentThey have the bottles.

calamōs et libellōs habētisDo you (pl.) have pens and notebooks?
calamōs et libellōs habēmusWe have pens and notebooks.

calamōsne an libellōs habētisDo you have pens or notebooks?
libellōs habēmus, sed nōn calamōsWe have notebooks, but not pens.

Posted in Latin IX, Latin VIII

Sixteen days before the kalends of February

To-day we looked at another passage from the Life of Alfred to cement the ideas that we introduced last day, and to bring the question of language (and the Latin language in particular) into the matter.

We concluded by practising our endings in Conjuguemos.  Below are some notes to help you with your pensum (homework), which is to practise with Conjuguemos (with the activity called, Practise your endings!).

Nominative pronouns: ego (I), tū (you (sg.)), is (he/it), ea (she/it), id (it),  nōs (we), uōs (you (pl.)), eī (they (masc.)), eae (they (fem.)), ea (they (neut.)).

Vowel length:
The thematic vowel is naturally long (ā, ē).  It is shortened, however, when it precedes the endings , -t and -nt (as well as -m).  The reason for this is that these endings take a long time to say, so they steal from the vowel, so to speak, to prevent the word from becoming too long.  Thus, for example:

docēre, to teach
doceō, I teach
docēs, you teach
docet, he teaches
docēmus, we teach
docētis, you teach
docent, they teach


Vita Alfredi xxiii.

On a certain day, Alfred’s mother showed a certain Saxon book of poetry which she had in her hand to him and to his brothers, and said: I will give this volume to whichever of you can learn it faster.  Alfred was moved by these words—nay, by divine inspiration—and was attracted by the beauty of the illuminated initial of the book.  He replied to his mother as follows, preceding his brothers, who were his seniors in age, though not in grace: Will you truly give that book to one of us, who can most quickly understand and recite it before you?  At these words, she laughing and rejoicing said, I shall give it to him.  Then he went immediately, taking the book from her hand, went to his teacher, and read it.  Once he had read it, he took it back to his mother and recited it.

An illuminated initial letter E from a mediæval manuscript showing King Alfred the Great crowned and enthroned with a sceptre in his hand.
An illuminated initial letter E from a mediæval manuscript showing King Alfred the Great crowned and enthroned with a sceptre in his hand.
Posted in Latin VII

Sixteen days before the kalends of February

To-day we refreshed our understanding of Latin verbs using Conjuguemos.

pensum (homework): Practise for 5 minutes a night on Conjuguemos (Practise your endings!).

A reminder of the nominative pronouns:

ego, I   —   nōs, we
, you (sg.)   —   uōs, you (pl.)
is, he/it   —   , they (masc.)
ea, she/it   —   eae, they (fem.)
id, it   —   ea, they (neut.)

Vowel length:
The thematic vowel is naturally long (ā, ē).  It is shortened, however, when it precedes the endings , -t and -nt (as well as -m).  The reason for this is that these endings take a long time to say, so they steal from the vowel, so to speak, to prevent the word from becoming too long.  Thus, for example:

docēre, to teach
doceō, I teach
docēs, you teach
docet, he teaches
docēmus, we teach
docētis, you teach
docent, they teach