Posted in Grex Latinus

Sixteen days before the kalends of February

To-day we practised some simple sentences expressing possession and desire, both with direct objects.  The purpose of this exercise is to build a library of models on which to draw in reading, writing and speaking Latin.


aqua, aquae, f. water.
ampulla, ampullae, f. a flask, bottle.

cibus, cibī, m. food.
libellus, libellī, m. a notebook.
calamus, calamī, m. a reed, a pen.

habeō, habēre, habuī, habitum, to have.
dēsīderō, dēsīderāre, dēsīderāuī, dēsīderātum, to desire.

-ne, (question-word).
an, or (in questions).


The verbs are underlined, and the direct objects marked in red.

habeō cibumI have food.

habēsne libellumDo you have the notebook?
habeōI have (it).

habēsne libellōsDo you have the notebooks?
nōn habeōI do not have (them).

aquam et cibum habetHe has water and food.

ampullās habentThey have the bottles.

calamōs et libellōs habētisDo you (pl.) have pens and notebooks?
calamōs et libellōs habēmusWe have pens and notebooks.

calamōsne an libellōs habētisDo you have pens or notebooks?
libellōs habēmus, sed nōn calamōsWe have notebooks, but not pens.


The Arval Brethren were one of eldest of the many priestly colleges of the religion of the Ancient Roman state, tending to the cult of dea Dia, a nature-goddess, and of the ancestors so as to ensure a good harvest. During the reign of the emperor Augustus, the college was used as a tool of imperial unity and control. The term ‘arval’ comes from ‘arvum’, which means ‘a ploughed field’, and reflects their agricultural origin.

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