Posted in Latin VII

Sixteen days before the kalends of February

To-day we refreshed our understanding of Latin verbs using Conjuguemos.

pensum (homework): Practise for 5 minutes a night on Conjuguemos (Practise your endings!).

A reminder of the nominative pronouns:

ego, I   —   nōs, we
, you (sg.)   —   uōs, you (pl.)
is, he/it   —   , they (masc.)
ea, she/it   —   eae, they (fem.)
id, it   —   ea, they (neut.)

Vowel length:
The thematic vowel is naturally long (ā, ē).  It is shortened, however, when it precedes the endings , -t and -nt (as well as -m).  The reason for this is that these endings take a long time to say, so they steal from the vowel, so to speak, to prevent the word from becoming too long.  Thus, for example:

docēre, to teach
doceō, I teach
docēs, you teach
docet, he teaches
docēmus, we teach
docētis, you teach
docent, they teach


The Arval Brethren were one of eldest of the many priestly colleges of the religion of the Ancient Roman state, tending to the cult of dea Dia, a nature-goddess, and of the ancestors so as to ensure a good harvest. During the reign of the emperor Augustus, the college was used as a tool of imperial unity and control. The term ‘arval’ comes from ‘arvum’, which means ‘a ploughed field’, and reflects their agricultural origin.

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