Posted in Latin VII

Sixteen days before the kalends of February

To-day we refreshed our understanding of Latin verbs using Conjuguemos.

pensum (homework): Practise for 5 minutes a night on Conjuguemos (Practise your endings!).

A reminder of the nominative pronouns:

ego, I   —   nōs, we
, you (sg.)   —   uōs, you (pl.)
is, he/it   —   , they (masc.)
ea, she/it   —   eae, they (fem.)
id, it   —   ea, they (neut.)

Vowel length:
The thematic vowel is naturally long (ā, ē).  It is shortened, however, when it precedes the endings , -t and -nt (as well as -m).  The reason for this is that these endings take a long time to say, so they steal from the vowel, so to speak, to prevent the word from becoming too long.  Thus, for example:

docēre, to teach
doceō, I teach
docēs, you teach
docet, he teaches
docēmus, we teach
docētis, you teach
docent, they teach

Author:

The Arval Brethren were one of eldest of the many priestly colleges of the religion of the Ancient Roman state, tending to the cult of dea Dia, a nature-goddess, and of the ancestors so as to ensure a good harvest. During the reign of the emperor Augustus, the college was used as a tool of imperial unity and control. The term ‘arval’ comes from ‘arvum’, which means ‘a ploughed field’, and reflects their agricultural origin.

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