Posted in Latin IX, Latin VIII

The day before the nones of April

To-day we finished discussing the five fragments of Greek lyric poetry.  If you have not already, please put your answers to the questions in your personal Latin folder so that I can see them.

We shall next turn our attention to an Ode from Horace (doc. 413).  Your homework is to complete the questions in that document.  (They’re all pretty straight-forward.)

Some motifs that we have seen so far:

  • love (particularly scorned love)
  • emotion
  • youth and old age (≈ carpe diem)
  • people and relationships

Key terms for our study of poetry:

  • allusion (the verb is to allude)
  • lyric
  • motif
  • speaker

It is important that you be able to describe a poem with respect to these terms.  We may add one or two more words to this list before the end.


The Arval Brethren were one of eldest of the many priestly colleges of the religion of the Ancient Roman state, tending to the cult of dea Dia, a nature-goddess, and of the ancestors so as to ensure a good harvest. During the reign of the emperor Augustus, the college was used as a tool of imperial unity and control. The term ‘arval’ comes from ‘arvum’, which means ‘a ploughed field’, and reflects their agricultural origin.

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